Bureau of Standards Jamaica Government of Jamaica
Bureau of Standards Jamaica
Bureau of Standards Jamaica Bureau of Standards JamaicaBureau of Standards Jamaica

 Food Safety Modernization Act - Information Page

The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) is an amendment of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic (FD&C) Act. The FSMA was signed into law on January 4, 2011 by President Obama.

Its purpose is to facilitate a risk-based preventive approach rather than a reactive approach to food safety problems. Key features of the law appear under three main headings:


1) Improving capacity to prevent food safety problems

• Biennial registration renewal commencing October 1 - December 31, 2012.
• Hazard analysis and risk-based preventive control procedures, which may include:
• Sanitation procedures for food-contact surfaces (utensils and equipment)
• Manager, supervisor, and employee hygiene training
• Environmental monitoring programme
• Food allergen control programme
• Recall plan
• Current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMPs)
• Supplier verification activities related to food safety
• Final regulation due June 2012.
• Authority to collect fees related to re-inspection, mandatory recalls, and voluntary qualified importer programme (VQIP). Fees shall be published by August 1 each year. (For FY 2011, U.S. domestic facilities shall pay US$224 per hour and foreign facilities shall pay US$325 per hour for re-inspection.)
• Unique Identification Number for each facility registered with FDA (study to be completed by January 2012)

2) Improving capacity to detect and respond to food safety problems

• Identification and inspection of facilities - increased inspection of foreign facilities. Within the first year of enactment, at least 600 foreign facilities; and in each of the 5-year period following January 2011 , at least twice the number inspected the previous year.
• Identification and inspection of ports of entry
• Laboratory Accreditation for Analysis of Foods - foreign laboratories which meet the accreditation standards applicable to U.S. domestic laboratories shall be accredited
• Enhancing the tracking & tracing of food and record keeping
• Foodborne illness surveillance systems
• Mandatory recall authority

3) Improving the safety of imported food

• Foreign Supplier Verification Programme (FSVP). Verification activities may include:
• Monitoring of records for shipments
• Lot-by-Iot certification of compliance
• Annual on-site inspections
• Checking hazard analysis and risk-based preventive controls plan
• Periodically testing and sampling shipments
• Final regulation due January 2012.
• Voluntary Qualified Importer Programme (VQIP) - allows expedited review and entry of foods.
• Final regulation due January 2012.
• Authority to require import certification for high-risk foods
• Prior Notice of imported food shipments - requires information on prior refusals
• Building capacity of foreign governments with respect to food safety management
• Inspection of foreign food facilities - authority to deny entry if FDA is denied access by the facility
• Accreditation of third-party auditors - FDA can rely on accredited third-parties to certify that foreign facilities meet U.S. requirements.
• Final regulation due January 2013.
• FDA to establish Foreign Offices to provide assistance on food safety measures.


1. Food Safety Modernization Act (Summary)

2. Food Safety Modernization Act (Full Text)

3. FDA Food Safety Modernization Act - Focus on Prevention (power point presentation)


Beverley Miller
Bureau of Standards Jamaica
6 Winchester Road
Kingston 10
Jamaica, W.I.

Tel: (876) 926-3140-5 / (876) 632-4275 / (876) 618-1134
Email: info@bsj.org.jm


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